Heavy Industry in Malaysia
Malaysia's manufacturing sector remains a core sector for economic growth that gradually attracts huge investments over the world. A properly planned industrial land or industrial activity is vital in creating a healthy, safe and sustainable environment to avoid or minimize environmental conflicts to its surrounding neighbour(s).
Heavy industries in Malaysia are different from light and medium industries in the sense that heavy industries are usually more capital intensive compared to light and medium industries; which means they require a lot of heavy machinery and equipment.
Environmental Essentials for the Sitting of Industries in Malaysia (EESIM)
Introduced by the Department of Environmental (DOE), EESIM is intended as a guidance document, to assist project owners and stakeholders of their planning and decision making before progressing with any industrial activity which has potential to impact the environment.
a) As such, before an industrial project is planned, care must be taken in ensuring the proposed site location is suitable for its purpose and any environmental concerns must be addressed either by design and/or planning.
b) Avoidance of conflicts through proper siting, and more importantly, with consideration of environmental controls and pollution prevention is important for long-term sustainability of an industrial activity.
This would help to reduce unnecessary investment costs that may be required especially on pollution control and to improve public perception of the project or activity.
Buffer Zones between Industrial Area and Residential Area
A buffer zone or provision of set-backs is the area or distance between industries and residential areas, is introduced by PLANMalaysia (Jabatan Perancangan Bandar Dan Desa) to distance the area from the area of activity to reduce the exposure of pollution.
The buffer zone vary based on the specific activity carried out in the industry itself. Below are some examples of a few general activities which can be categorized under the Heavy Industry. There will be overlapping activities of light, medium and heavy industries but the categorisations are mainly based on the scale of the activity itself.
A primary buffer zone is an area of distance which is located outside the designated area for the project or proposed activity. The table shown below shows the criteria for an industry to be considered as heavy industry and the minimum primary buffer zone for it:
If it is unsure whether the activity planned falls under Light, Medium, or Heavy Industry, the Department of Environment (DOE) should be consulted for further information so that a proper buffer zone can be assigned to avoid future complications.
Disclaimer: The information above is only extra references to “Guidelines for Siting and Zoning of Industrial and Residential Areas” as published by the Department of Environment (DOE). We do not take any responsibility and not liable for any misunderstandings, loss, and damages caused by the information above. Kindly consult the Department of Environment (DOE) for more detailed information.